Liquid crystals (LC) are normally formed by elongated but relatively short molecules, that align their orientation with respect to each other. LC molecules form a crystal-like ordering, but LC, as a whole, may flow like a liquid. LC have many applications, for instance, in LC displays, many biological systems, like membranes, have LC properties, and even detergents are examples of LC. LC molecules can be assembled into long chains to form polymers. These polymer LC have much richer physical properties compared to conventional LC. Their behaviour is are so complex, that their effective computer modelling remains is a very active topic for already many years.
Example of research
Hamm M., Goldbeck-Wood G., Zvelindovsky A.V., Sevink G.J.A., Fraaije J.G.E.M. “Structure formation in liquid crystalline polymers” J. Chem. Phys. 116 (2002) 3152-3161.